What Is a Mortgage Loan?

Mortgage Loans are loans that enable homebuyers to purchase a residence. This involves borrowing an amount of money which is secured by the value of the house. The borrower then pays back both principal and interest over time.

Mortgage loan costs include the principal amount, interest and other charges. Since a mortgage is an obligation that will last long-term, it should be paid off promptly in order to avoid expensive penalties.

Mortgages are an integral part of the home-buying process, as they enable you to purchase a property without needing a large down payment. To save money on your loan, it’s wise to shop around and compare offers from different lenders before selecting one. Doing so could potentially save you up to $1,500 on average by seeking additional offers from lenders.

How Much Can I Borrow?
The amount of mortgage you are eligible to borrow depends on several factors, including your credit score, income and the value of the property you plan to purchase. You may also have to put down a down payment – usually a percentage of the purchase price – in order to secure financing.

How Much Can I Afford?
A mortgage is a long-term financial commitment, so you should carefully consider your budget when selecting a lender. The monthly payment includes interest, taxes and insurance; in addition to other costs related to purchasing a home.

Depending on your financial situation, you may be eligible for a larger mortgage if you do not need to make a down payment. This depends on your debt-to-income ratio (DTI), which is the sum of all monthly mortgage payments divided by gross monthly income. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau recommends that DTI not exceed 43%; however some loan programs allow DTIs as high as 50%.

When it comes to your mortgage, aim for an affordable payment that covers the essential items such as a new bedroom and bathroom or home office. Involving a co-borrower may also be possible, provided they have sufficient income to make their share of payments on their share of the loan.

You could also consider finding a co-borrower with better credit than you, who might qualify for a lower interest rate and reduce your overall monthly payments.

What Does a Mortgage Mean?
A mortgage is an agreement between you and your lender that gives them the power to seize your property if you fail to repay the loan. They could then sell the house in order to recoup their investment in you.

What Are the Different Types of Mortgages?
Two primary types of mortgages exist: direct issue and insured. Direct issue loans are typically issued by government agencies such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture or federal housing administration and targeted towards low-income households. Plus, these loans tend to be insured, meaning if you default on your payments the lender can be compensated by an insurance company.